A Millennium of Geomagnetism

Reviews of Geophysics, 40, 2002
David P. Stern, Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics
Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771

Table of Contents

Clicking on any marked section on the list below brings up a file containing it and all unmarked sections immediately following it on the list. This list is repeated at the beginning of each file.

  1. Introduction
  2. Early discoveries
  3. William Gilbert
  4. Halley
  5. Coulomb
  6. Oersted and Ampere
  7. The Lodestone
  8. Gauss and Humboldt
  9. Explorations and Surveys
  10. Faraday's Lines of Force (field lines)
  11. Faraday's Disk Dynamo
  12. Sunspots
  13. The Dynamo Process on the Sun
  14. The Earth's Dynamo
  15. Dipole Reversals and Plate Tectonics
  16. Magnetic Storms and Ring Currents
  17. The Magnetosphere
  18. Magnetic Reconnection
  19. Planetary Magnetospheres
  20. Assessment

Chronology of Geomagnetism

References: A-G
References: H-P
References: Q-Z

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  •     Hallam, Anthony, A Revolution in the Earth Sciences, vii+126 pp., Clarendon Press, Oxford 1973

  •     Heirtzler, J. R., Evidence for Ocean Floor Spreading across the Ocean Basins, pp 90 -100, in The History of the Earth's Crust, ed. by Robert A. Phinney, Princeton University Press, 1968.

  •     Heirtzler, James R., X Le Pichon and J.G. Baron, Magnetic Anomalies over the Reykjanes Ridge, Deep Sea Research 13, 427-43, 1966.

  •     Heirtzler, James R. et al., Marine Magnetic Anomalies, Geomagnetic Field Reversals and Motions of Ocean Floor and Continents, J. Geophys. Res. 73, 2119-36, 1968 (reprinted by Cox, 1973, cited above).

  •     Heppner, James P., The world magnetic survey, Space Sci. Rev., 2, 315-354, 1963.

  •     Hospers, Jan, Remanent magnetism of rocks and the history of the geomagnetic field, Nature, 168,1111-2, 1951.

  •     Inglis, David Rittenhouse, Dynamo Theory of the Earth's Varying Magnetic Field, Rev. Mod. Phys., 53, 481-496, July 1981.

  •     Jacobs, J.A. (editor) Geomagnetism, vol. 2 xvii+627 pp, Academic Press, 1987.

  •     Kious, W. Jacquelyne and Robert I. Tilling, This Dynamic Earth, US Geological Survey (USGS), 1996. Complete text available on the world wide web at http://pubs.usgs.gov/publications/text/dynamic.html

  •     Knapp. David G., Origins of Geomagnetic Science (2nd revision), p. 59-79 in Magnetism of the Earth, James H. Nelson, Louis Hurwitz and David Knapp, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Coast and Geodetic Survey Publication 40-1, US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC 1962.

  •     Knight, David M., Humphry Davy: science and social mobility, Endeavour, 24, 165-9, 2000.

  •     Langdon-Brown, Sir Walter, William Gilbert: His place in the medical world, Nature, 154, 136-9, 1944.

  •     Langel, R.A. and R.H. Estes, The near-earth magnetic field at 1980 determined from Magsat data, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 2495-2509, 1985.

  •     Larmor, Sir Joseph, How could a rotating body such as the sun become a magnet?, Brit. Assn. Adv. Sci. Rep. p. 159-160, 1919a.

  •     Larmor, Sir Joseph, "Possible rotational origin of magnetic fields of Sun and Earth", Elect. Rev. 85, 512, 26 Sept. 1919b.

  •     Larmor, Sir Joseph, "Possible rotational origin of magnetic fields of Sun and Earth", Engineering, 108 461, 3 Oct. 1919c.

  •     Larmor, Sir Joseph, "Possible rotational origin of magnetic fields of Sun and Earth", Reprinted and supplemented by a 1927 note, p. 611-612 in Mathematical and Physical Papers by Sir Joseph Larmor, vol 2, Cambridge University Press 1929.

  •     Lear, John, "Canada's Unappreciated Role as Scientific Innovator,"Saturday Review, 2 September 1967.

  •     Legrand, Homer E, Drifting Continents and Shifting Theories, 313 pp., Cambridge 1988

  •     Levy,E.H., Generation of Planetary Magnetic Fields, Ann. Rev. Earth & Planet. Sci., 4, 159-185, 1976

  •     Livingston, James D., Driving Force: the natural magic of magnets, xiv+311 pp, Harvard U. Press, 1996.

  •     Lowes, Frank J. and I. Wilkinson, Geomagnetic dynamo: a laboratory model, Nature, 198, 1158-60, 1963.

  •     Malin, Stuart.R.C. and David R. Barraclough, Humboldt and the Earth's Magnetic Field. Quarterly J. Roy. Astron. Soc. 32, 279-293, 1991

  •     Malin, Stuart R.C. and Edward Bullard, The Direction of the Earth's magnetic field at London, 1570-1975, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London 299, 357-423, 1981

  •     Massey, Harrie .S.W., Lord Blackett, Physics Today, 27, no. 9, p/ 69-70, Sept 1974

  •     Matuyama, Motonori, On the Direction of Magnetisation of Basalt in Japan, Tyosen and Manchuria, Japan Academy Proceedings 5, 203-5, 1929 (Reprinted 1973 by Cox (cited above), p. 154-156).

  •     McGill, George E., Geology and geophysics, Nature, 296, 14-15, 4 March 1982

  •     Meadows, A.J., Early Solar Physics, viii + 312 pp, Pergamon Press, 1970

  •     Mitchell, A. Crichton, Chapters in the History of Terrestrial Magnetism, (I) On the directive property of a magnet in the Earth's field and the origin of the nautical compass, Terr. Magn. Atmosph. Electr., 37, 105-146, 1932

  •     Mitchell, A. Crichton, Chapters in the History of Terrestrial Magnetism, (II) The discovery of the magnetic declination, Terr. Magn. Atmosph. Electr,, 42, 241-280, 1937

  •     Mitchell, A. Crichton, Chapters in the History of Terrestrial Magnetism,(III) The discovery of the magnetic inclination, Terr. Magn. Atmosph. Electr., 44, 77-80, 1939

  •     Mitchell, A. Crichton, Chapters in the History of Terrestrial Magnetism, (IV) The development of magnetic science in classical antiquity, Terr. Magn. Atmosph. Electr., 51, 323-351, 1946

  •     Morley, Lawrence W., Early work leading to the Explanation of the Banded Geomagnetic Imprinting of the Ocean Floor, Eos (Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union) 67, p.665-6, 9 Sept. 1986, reproduced p. 99-102 in History of Geophysics, 4, S, Gillmor, editor, Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington DC,1990,

  •     Morley, Lawrence W., The Zebra Pattern, p. 67-85 in Plate Tectonics, Oreskes, Naomi (ed) with Homer Le Grand, xxiv + 424 pp., Westview, Boulder Co., 2001

  •     Nellis, William J., Making Metallic Hydrogen, Scientific American, 282, no. 5, p. 84-90, May 2000,

  •     Newton, H.W., The Face of the Sun, 208 pp, Pelican Books 1958.

  •     Olsen, N. et al., Oersted Initial Field Model, Geophys. Res. Lett, 27, 3607-10, 2000

  •     Oreskes, Naomi, The Rejection of Continental Drift, xi + 420 pp., Oxford U. Press, 1999

  •     Oreskes, Naomi (ed) with Homer Le Grand, Plate Tectonics, xxiv + 424 pp., Westview, Boulder Co., 2001

  •     Parker, E.N., Hydromagnetic dynamo models, Astrophys. J., 122, 293-314, 1955.

  •     Parker, E.N., Cosmical Magnetic Fields: Their Origin and Their Activity, xvii+841 pp, Oxford 1979

  •     Parker, E.N., The physics of the Sun and the gateway to the stars, Physics Today, 53, p. 26-31, June 2000

  •     Phillips, Kenneth J.H., A Guide to the Sun, Cambridge Univ. Press 1992

  •     Piddington, J.H. and J.F. Drake, Electrodynamic effects of Jupiter's satellite Io, Nature, 217, 935-937, 1968.

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Author and Curator:   Dr. David P. Stern
     Mail to Dr.Stern:   earthmag("at" symbol)phy6.org

Last updated 31 January 2003