(Files in red–history)
13. Fast Particles
14. Synch. Orbit
16. The Sun
16H. Schwabe, 1843
16a. Schwabe paper
16b. Carrington, 1859
17. The Corona
18. Solar Wind
18A. Interplan. Field
18H.Solar Wind obs.
My first impression was that by some chance a ray of light had penetrated a hole in the screen attached to the object glass, for the brilliancy was fully equal to that of direct sun-light; but by at once interrupting the current observation, and causing the image to move ...
I saw I was an unprepared witness of a very different affair. I therefore noted down the time by the chronometer, and seeing the outburst to be very rapidly on the increase, and being somewhat flurried by the surprise, I hastily ran to call some one to witness the exhibition with me, and on returning within 60 seconds, was mortified to find that it was already much changed and enfeebled. Very shortly afterwards the last trace was gone. In this lapse of 5 minutes, the two patches of light traversed a space of about 35,000 miles.
Further reading:Click here for a text of Carrington's full article, including illustration.
...And for scientists: a contemporary article on Carrington's flare, The extreme magnetic storm of 1-2 September 1859 by Bruce T. Tsurutani, Walter D. Gonzalez, G.S. Lakhina and S. Alex, Journal of Geophysical Research, issue A7, article SSH-1, July 2003.
Author and Curator: Dr. David P. Stern
Mail to Dr.Stern: education("at" symbol)phy6.org
Co-author: Dr. Mauricio Peredo
Spanish translation by J. Méndez